During the Harlem Renaissance, there were many people who wanted to improve conditions for African Americans. One way that people did so was by getting together and forming organizations to fight for African American rights. Some of the organizations founded, during this time, were:
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded in 1909 by W.E.B. Dubois, Mary White Ovington, Ida B. Wells, Henry Moskowitz and William English Walling. The organization was founded in response to the lynchings and violence committed against African Americans. It is dedicated to gaining equal rights for all races. The Crisis, the official journal of the NAACP, would publish literary pieces of the writers of the Harlem Renaissance.
National Urban League
This organization was founded in 1910 by Mrs. Ruth Standish Baldwin and Dr. George Edmund Haynes. It focused on improving social conditions for African Americans. It would do certain things, like help African Americans, that moved to Harlem, find jobs and a place to live. The organization also published Opportunity Journal, which would publish pieces of African American writers.
The Universal Negro Improvement Association was founded by Marcus Garvey as a way to bring all African Americans together. Marcus Garvey wanted to bring all people of African descent together so that one day they could return to Africa. He wanted people of African descent to realize the greatness of their race and culture but also that they didn't need to integrate with whites because he doubted that there would be equality among the different races. Marcus Gravey founded UNIA as a result of his beliefs.